The Federal Court of Appeal is responsible for hearing appeals and applications for judicial review from several courts, tribunals, and administrative decision-makers across Canada. As a general rule, when the Federal Court of Appeal deals with an appeal, it must decide whether the Court that handled the original case committed an error in law, its decision, or made a "palpable and overriding" error in assessing facts about the case.
Most of the judgments of the Federal Court and the Tax Court of Canada are subject to an appeal to the Federal Court of Appeal.
When the Federal Court of Appeal deals with an application for judicial review according to the combined operation of subsection 28(2) and 18.1(4) of the Federal Courts Act, subject to certain exceptions, it may grant relief if it is satisfied that the concerned board, commission, or tribunal:
The Federal Court of Appeal has jurisdiction to hear and determine applications for judicial review from the federal boards, commissions, or tribunals listed in subsection 28(1) of the Federal Courts Act.
Basically, the Federal Court of Appeal ensures that the federal government and its representatives act lawfully when making decisions that affect Canadians.